The following are published as an Addenda to the foregoing, having been selected from Records lately placed in our hands:—
Aug. 12, 1684.—John Sinsenigs for using blasphemous words during his pains and sufferings to do penance in the Church by recommendation of the New Minister.
Benjamin Seale for saying Godfathers lied in the baptismal vow for the infant to do the same penance—form of confession drawn up by the New Minister Mr. Harwood.
Aug. 25.—Benjamin Seale keeps out of the way on the Sunday appointed for his penance—excuses himself being "troubled with Grips in ye Gutts."
Jan. 7, 1689.—John Knipe complains of Bridget Coales refusing to marry him as promised, that she sat in the lap of the Butcher of the Modena and let him kiss her, that he asked her if he were not as good as the Butcher. Wherefore she called him downe look dog and compared him to an old dog of her father's. Bridget to pay £15 damages.
May 30, 1711.—Thomas Burnum prays he "may have about 30 feet of ground joyning to Mr. Wood's Backside to build a house upon."
Jan. 6, 1723.—Gov. complains of Mr. Giles "preaching a very seditious Sermon yesterday highly reflecting upon the Gov. and Council." Mr. Giles being sent for asked Pardon heartily.
Sept. 7, 1723.—Dr. Wignall complains of Parson Giles calling him Rouge, Rascall and Villain and threatening as soon as he was well to lead him up and down the valley by the nose.
Jan. 4, 1725.—Gov. has been dangerously ill and owed his life under God to medicines supplied upon the accidental arrival of the York galley bound to Coast of Guinea.
Dr. Wignall always drunk and nearly killed the Gov. by giving unsuitable medicines, his excuse being he had nothing else to give.
Dr. Wignall for drunken disorderly conduct placed in the Stocks for one hour and he sung and swore the whole time.
July 26, 1732.—Mr. White our Chaplain and his wife have for a long time led very scandalous and immoral lives, the woman having been drunk almost every day since she has been upon the Island and Mr. White himself often in the same condition and always Rude and troublesome. * * One thing relating to him is very remarkable and for the singularity of it ought everywhere to be known—he has been here 16 months and yet in all this space of time he has never dined or supped with his wife but once which is a Precedent very ill-taken and highly resented by all the good Dames of this Place and we believe and the woman says that this cold unkind usage is the cause of her giving herself up to Liquor and ill company.
Aug. 3, 1736.—Mary Gurlings child examined by Council and two midwives who pronounced it a black man's child. Mary Gurling to be severely punished for her false swearing and imprisoned till she tells who is the real father.
James Powell fined 40/ for cruel whipping of a slave girl twelve days after her delivery of a child.
Sept. 14.—Mary Gurling's confession and that of Andrew the Black—she ordered to receive 39 lashes and he to be deprived of his virility.
Sept. 13, 1737.—James Powell's inhuman usage of a slave, besides beating cutting him in the face with a knife and worrying him with dogs which tore his arm—promising not to give further illusage the slave was restored.
Mrs. Greentree's inhuman usage of her slaves—a girl of ten so illused by being tied up she died. Her mother unable to bear the sight of the illusage of her daughter ran away and was found dead partly eaten by dogs and pigs—her body remaining exposed till her fellow slaves obtained leave to bury it. Promising better usage slaves restored to her.
March 25, 1738.—The widow of Jack the carpenter has a white child with red hair by John Cummings the gardener. John Cummings impudently justifying it is committed to prison. Begs pardon and is fined £10.
1739—Samuel Plant a soldier killed by falling from the Hill between Mundens point and Ruperts valley.
Feb. 25, 1745.—Gov. complains that some Melons sown in the Maldivee Garden and Mr. Dixon had appropriated them. I could enumerate many instances of his little insults and slights shewn to me which are not worth notice, but one I cannot omit because it is an act of injustice as well as an affront. A superannuated Negro Gardener belonging to the Company had sown some Melon seeds in the Maldivee Gardens where they produced in much greater perfection than any I have seen upon this Island. The Melons Mr. Dixon has taken on him to dispose of at his pleasure as his own without even ever mentioning them to me except that he was pleased in his generosity twice to send me one. At the first I could not help laughing and at the second to countenance the farce gave his servant one of Comps. blacks a piece of money. Those Melons of right belonged to the Table.
Sept. 29, 1755.—Henry Baker tailor ordered to leave the Island for saying Lieut George Hay was a Scrubb.
April 26, 1756.—Leving carpenter abuses Thomas Harper the Marshall as a Black flogging Son of a B— and a Yam Stock Dog Jack ketching eyes.
April 18, 1757.—Moll a slave woman of Mrs. Gurling sentenced to three whippings, 100 lashes each, and to be branded in her cheek for breaking into a house in the Country and stealing a rupee.
Jan. 31, 1757.—Soldiers employed killing wild cats.
Jan. 29, 1776.—George Alexander for stripping his slave Abigail and cruelly beating her with raw hide whip over her belly,—fined 40/. His defence—her misconduct and that in Gov. Byfield's time Slaughter was flogged with wire whips and fish hooks tied to a cord.
Nov. 28, 1785.—An advertisement ordered to be published of Villanous Schemes being in agitation amongst the Slaves against the Inhabitants to take place during the Christmas Holidays. The notice afterwards crossed out without any remark.
Dec. 15.—The advertisement published and Governor communicates the grounds of his information to the Council.
After examination of various blacks ordered that several of them should be flogged—one 1200 lashes, one 1000, one 800, one 600, one 200.
Aug. 10, 1789.—Mrs. Clarissa Leech's Will—writes her own epitaph:
"Here lay the body of Clarissa Leech who lived in pain but died with pleasure. Now she's raised to the clouds, on high and with the Angels ever cry Hallelujah, praised be God."
April 23, 1792.—Amongst the drummers and fifers of this Garrison having several who play on the Clarionet and Bassoon and having no Instruments for them we this day purchased at a low price two pr of Clarionets, a Bassoon, &c., a pr of fifes. Some of these Instruments will be useful to assist the Singers in Church as well as pleasing upon the Parade.
Sept. 22, 1794.—The Maldivia Gardens to be let—the best watered and fenced in of any on the Island,—to be subject to quit rent 5/ per an. and ground rent equivalent to the value of the Yam, Fruit and vegetables supplied from time immemorial therefrom for the Lt.-Governor.
March 9.—Capt. Pierie represented that some Individuals had set up hand carts—that the Company used to have such carts to let and the practice of Individuals should be put a stop to.
The Board consider the more carts the better as a monopoly of them is an object not worthy the notice of the Company and the having many carts for expediting labor is a counter balance more than a thousand times one of greater utility than what Capt. Pierie recommends.
Aug. 1, 1796.—Port Regulations.—Precedency to use of Crane regulated.
Port Duties.—Ships with Comp. cargoes £10 15s. Whalers £5 3s. Foreign Merchant ships £11—because every thing is now found for them in respect to Watering, &c., which was not before the case.
Aug. 29, 1797.—Rev. Mr. Wilkinson reproved for litigious conduct and "ridiculous ideas of self-importance."
Aug. 10, 1804.—Colonel Lanes minute on Stock. Slaughtered Bullocks formerly used to weigh 5 to 800 weight now does not average above 350. Degenerated Horses.—Not ten on the Island that would sell in England for £15 each yet prized at £70 to £130 here.
Suggests that Stallions, Ewes and young Bulls be sent from England.
March 9, 1807.—Mr. Brabazon informs Govr. that Rev. Mr. Wilkinson had spoken of the subscription for sufferers by Measles as ostentation and a mere boast of charily. Subscribers unanimously resolve to strike Mr. Wilkinson's name off the list and to return to him his £5 5s.
Nov., 1810.—Nancy May a free black for stealing fowls sentenced to receive 200 lashes—viz., 50 from different parts of the Town, tied to the cart's tail and wearing a paper with large letters "Fowl Stealer" on it. Her husband sentenced the same punishment on the "strongest presumption of his guilt."
Nancy May's lease taken from her and sold, she being unworthy of being a tenant of the Company's.
Jan. 14, 1810.—Mr. Solomon proprietor of St. Helena Press is informed that objectionable remarks had appeared in the Register for the month of Dec., and is directed to print no more until the sheets have been first submitted to the Secretary.
Dr. Baildon considers this a severe reflection on him as he conducted the Register and forwards a letter for Directors.
June 28, 1811.—Govr. minutes a complaint against extortionate charges against the ships which sailed on 20th:—15s. to 20s for a middle-sized Fowl, 25s. a Duck!
Aug. 23.—Mr. Boys having undertaken to superintend the printing of the St. Helena Register the regulation of 14th January is annulled in confidence in Mr. Boys judgment that personalities and inaccuracies shall not be admitted. Doubtful communications to be sent first to the Governor.
Dec. 30.—Mr. Jones reproved for his sermon reflecting on the Inhabitants and forbidden to make any more allusions to the late unhappy transactions from the Pulpit.
Jan. 27, 1812.—Rev. Mr. Jones complains to Directors of interference of Gov. with the spiritual part of his work.
Feb. 21.—Gov. regrets to receive another 28 page letter from Mr. Jones defending himself from imaginary attacks.
April 12, 1813.—Rev. Mr. Jones complains of profanation of Sabbath on 4th April on board the Armiston where an elegant tiffin was given and a splendid dance in the evening. Exhibitions of Conjurors &c. attended by an alarming number of respectable Inhabitants.
Nov. 16.—Brig Jane not bringing to when signal guns were fired was struck in the foremast by a shot and compelled to return.
Jan. 23, 1815.—The controversy between the two Clergymen—Jones and Boys, productive of disgraceful effects—ordered to abstain from any further personal controversy or circulation of written or printed letters referring to it on pain of suspension.
May 22.—Appropriated Pews in Town Church—no Slaves or Free Blacks are to occupy any of the Pews.
April 10.—Rev. Mr. S. Jones to retire on an allowance of 5s. per diem.
April 13.—Mr. Jones acknowledges this "an extraordinary communication" although that however he will continue to officiate until the arrival of his successor unless forbiddon—although "Mr. Boys with great delicacy has taken upon himself to signify that I do no more duty." Told that his letter has so plain a tending to unnecessary trouble and indecorous discussions that his further services in the Churches will be dispensed with.
June 4, 1821.—Mr. Boys reprimanded for calling after Mr. Blenkins in the street when he passed him on his way to the Castle—"Blenkins when is the Green Bag to be given out."
June 11.—Mr. Boys complains of ordinary violations of Lord's Day—his complaint thought to be unfounded. He is said to be the author or dictator of many indecorous letters towards the Govt. reflecting in an insulting irritating manner on Individuals.
July 9.—Governor minutes on Mr. Boys' sermon preached from text Publicans and Harlots go into the Kingdom of Heaven before you—sermon reflecting rudely on all the upper classes of Society.
Mr. Boys is requested to send a copy of his sermon for perusal. Mr. Boys refuses to send it.
July 16.—Mr. Boys' sermon on 15th July—Mr. Brooke minutes his disgust at hearing Mr. Boys in an extempore address represent himself as persecuted for righteousness sake and implying that his perscutors were the Govt.
April 18, 1822.—Robert Seale carpenter fined £20 for shooting Pheasants.
Jan 8, 1824.—Gov. Walker proposes to reduce the Chinese to 300 saving £5000 a year to encourage training of Island Mechanics,—making of wicker work baskets, bathes, potteries, &c.
Sept. 5, 1825.—Head School completed—the entire labour executed by the Freemen of colour. This work may be called their first-fruits and pledge that the native population will be adequate for all the labours of the Island.
March 31, 1828.—Col. Kinnaird recommends Corporal Galway as a Stonecutter. The West window Read School—the Company's Arms over the door and also over the doors of the Military Offices cut by him.
Oct. 1 .—Wm. Rookes and James Unsworth—selling Rum in which the dead body of Mrs. Grant had been preserved on board of ship. The spirits kept by Henry Seale carpenter to answer for Turpentine, but sold by prisoners to several persons who were made ill by it. 18 months in Irons at bard labor.
May 20, 1830.—Gov. Dallas proposes building lazaretto at Lemon Valley. Thinks St. Helena far preferable to Ascension where he understands the Govt. contemplate an outlay of £300,000 for Naval purposes.
April 23, 1832.—Capt. George Carew at St. Helena—alludes to his capture by pirates on 7th May 1828, and his danger from them on the present voyage.
June 6, 1833.—Whale Fishery—£1000 subscribed for establishing.
The following are published by way of comparison:—
July 11, 1781—James Youd Serjeant-Major in the Garrison tried for murder of Nanny his woman slave by cruelly beating her with a wooden staff, giving her one mortal wound in the head one inch broad and one inch deep—and a mortal wound in the shoulder 3 inches broad 1/2 inch deep. Sarah Cash an evidence heard prisoner beat Nanny twelve times on 28th Feby. Acquitted (!)
July 16.—Nelly—Burglary—found guilty—her youth &c. mentioned and Jury told to reconsider. Adhered to verdict guilty. Nelly sentenced death—pleaded quick with child. Jury of Matrons ordered. 17th July Nelly delivered of a dead male child. Nelly under respite from 15th July hung herself in prison 19th Nov.
July 13, 1785.—Elizabeth Renton wife of James Renton shopkeeper for murder of Slave girl Peg by stabbing her with a carving knife under the left shoulder giving a wound 4½ inches deep. Acquitted (!)
July 15, 1789.—William Whaley—highway robbery (stealing a piece of cloth from a sailor in the street at 8 p.m. and running away with it.) Hung 24th July.
Jan 15, 1800.—Job Mr. Defountains slave for robbing James Warren soldr on Half-Tree-Hollow road. Warren drinking and Job having snatched the bottle &c. from him. Hung 24th Jany.
Letters from England:—
Jan. 23, 1778.—We direct an exact survey be made of every Plantation of the Company particularizing the quantity of Provisions now produced compared with the produce when Mr. Hutchinson quitted the Govt.
In your letter 20th July last you recommend a Fence for Longwood at a cost of about £3000. But from 1723-1727 we find a charge of £5401 for fencing the above mentioned Wood and notwithstanding so large a sum expended a considerable part of the Fence remained unfinished and this part which was compleated is now in a ruinous state, We disapprove of so expensive an undertaking on the uncertainty of the Estimate but as we consider this an object of consequence we desire you will obtain another Estimate taken by men of experience.
We direct that part of Longwood called Horse Point be Planted with Gum Wood trees. That furze be planted upon all waste lands in the vicinity of James Valley—viz:—the upper part of Ruperts Valley round to Foxes Folly and under the Alarm House on the barren Hill from Mr. Doveton's as far as the waste land reaches to Peak Hill—on the Red Hill leading to the Governor's House as far as Dr. Moore's plain. Such lands not to be let out but reserved entirely for Fuel for the general use of the Inhabitants.
May 27, 1779.—Mr. Wrangham offers to fence Longwood for £5000 refused—the extent 6008 yards will be nearly 17s. per yard, in England it would be £600 or in the dearest counties £100). But sensible of the great utility of the work we order you consult the most economical measures.
March 7, 1794.—We are of opinion that encouraging the growth of wood is of the utmost consequence to this Island not only from the advantages to be derived from it as fuel but because it is well known that trees have an attractive power on the clouds especially when they pass over Hills so high as those on your Island and we are inclined to believe that the misfortunes the Island has been subject to from Drought might in some measure have been averted had the growth of wood been properly attended to. We have been uniform in our directions for keeping Longwood securely fenced. * * * Should there be any parts of this enclosure that are not at present planted we direct that you immediately order the Gardener to plant as many young trees there as possible.
March 25, 1795.—On perusing the minute of the Lt.-Govr. and the Gardener's report on the Estate of Longwood we lamented the want of attention not to say total neglect that has prevailed for more than 70 years past with respect to an object of the highest importance to the welfare of the Island, namely the cultivation of wood, and if a steady perseverance is not observed to promote it in the future the present Inhabitants will afford their posterity as just a reason for condemning their conduct as they have now to deplore that of their ancestors.